足球竞赛规则应遵循哪些基本原则和原则英文(足球竞赛规则的意义)

百荣体育 2 2022-11-24 14:52:30

足球的比赛规则(用英语说)

Football is the name given to a number of different, but related, team sports. The most popular of these worldwide (and by far the most popular sport worldwide) is association football, which can be abbreviated soccer. The English language word football is also applied to rugby football (rugby union and rugby league), North American football (American and Canadian), Australian rules football, and Gaelic football.

Some of the many different codes of football.While it is widely believed that the word football originated in reference to the action of a foot kicking a ball, there is a rival explanation, which has it that football originally referred to a variety of games in medieval Europe, which were played on foot.[1] These games were usually played by peasants, as opposed to the horse-riding sports often played by aristocrats. While there is no conclusive evidence for this explanation, the word football has always implied a variety of games played on foot, not just those that involved kicking a ball. In some cases, the word football has been applied to games which have specifically outlawed kicking the ball. (See football (word) for more details.)

All football games involve scoring with a spherical or prolate spheroid ball (itself called a football), by moving the ball into, onto, or over a goal area or line defended by the opposing team. Many of the modern games have their origins in England, but many peoples around the world have played games which involved kicking and/or carrying a ball since ancient times.

The object of all football games is to advance the ball by kicking, running with, or passing and catching, either to the opponent's end of the field where points or goals can be scored by, depending on the game, putting the ball across the goal line between posts and under a crossbar, putting the ball between upright posts (and possibly over a crossbar), or advancing the ball across the opponent's goal line while maintaining possession of the ball.

In all football games, the winning team is the one that has the most points or goals when a specified length of time has elapsed.

History

For the history of only Association Football, see History of football (soccer)

Throughout the history of mankind the urge to kick at stones and other such objects is thought to have led to many early activities involving kicking and/or running with a ball. Football-like games predate recorded history in all parts of the world, and thus the earliest forms of football are not known.

Ancient games

Documented evidence of what is possibly the oldest organized activity resembling football can be found in a Chinese military manual written during the Han Dynasty in about 2nd century BC.

It describes a practice known as cuju (Traditional Chinese: 蹴鞠; Simplified Chinese: 蹴踘; Pinyin: cù jū) which involved kicking a leather ball through a hole in a piece of silk cloth strung between two 30 foot poles. Another Asian ball-kicking game, which may have been influenced by cuju, is kemari. This is known to have been played within the Japanese imperial court in Kyoto from about 600 AD. In kemari several individuals stand in a circle and kick a ball to each other, trying not to let the ball drop to the ground (much like keepie uppie). The game survived through many years but appears to have died out sometime before the mid 19th century. In 1903 in a bid to restore ancient traditions the game was revived and it can now be seen played for the benefit of tourists at a number of festivals.

Mesoamerican ballgames played with rubber balls are also well-documented as existing since before this time, and are thought to have resembled football in their earlier versions; but since later versions have more similarities to basketball or volleyball, and since their influence on modern football games is minimal, most do not class them as football.

The Greeks and Romans are known to have played many ball games some of which involved the use of the feet. The Roman writer Cicero describes the case of a man who was killed whilst having a shave when a ball was kicked into a barbers shop. The Roman game of Harpastum is believed to have been adapted from a team game known as "επισκυρος" (episkyros) or pheninda that is mentioned by Greek playwright, Antiphanes (388-311BC) and later referred to by Clement of Alexandria. The game appears to have vaguely resembled rugby.

There are a number of less well-documented references to prehistoric, ancient or traditional ball games, played by indigenous peoples all around the world. For example, William Strachey of the Jamestown settlement is the first to record a game played by the Native Americans called Pahsaheman, in 1610. In Victoria, Australia, Indigenous Australians played a game called Marn Grook. An 1878 book by Robert Brough-Smyth, The Aborigines of Victoria, quotes a man called Richard Thomas as saying, in about 1841, that he had witnessed Aboriginal people playing the game: "Mr Thomas describes how the foremost player will drop kick a ball made from the skin of a possum and how other players leap into the air in order to catch it." It is widely believed that Marn Grook had an influence on the development of Australian rules football (see below). In northern Canada and/or Alaska, the Inuit (Eskimos) played a game on ice called Aqsaqtuk. Each match began with two teams facing each other in parallel lines, before attempting to kick the ball through each other team's line and then at a goal.

These games and others may well go far back into antiquity and have influenced football over the centuries. However, the route towards the development of modern football games appears to lie in Western Europe and particularly England.

足球规则介绍 中英文都要(简短)

比赛分为两队参加,每队11人(一般情况下,比赛期间每队允许替换三名替补球员),其中必须有1名守门员。全场比赛为90分钟,分为上、下两个半场,每半场45分钟。

上、下半场之间的休息时间不得超过15分钟。比赛中有1名主裁判和2名边线裁判,每个半场,主裁判可以根据场上的伤病和换人耗时情况进行补时。

如果比赛必须决出胜负,则90分钟内两队若打平,进行上下半时各为15分钟的加时赛,若依然打平,则通过罚点球分出胜负。

The game is divided into two teams, each team has 11 players (generally, each team is allowed to replace three substitute players during the game), and one goalkeeper must be included.

The game is 90 minutes, divided into the first half and the second half, each half 45 minutes. The break time between the first half and the second half shall not exceed 15 minutes. There is one chief referee and two sideline referees in the game.

In each half court, the chief referee can make up time according to the injury on the field and the time spent in changing players.

If the game has to be decided, then if the two teams draw within 90 minutes, the first half and the second half are 15 minutes of extra time. If they still draw, the penalty kick will be used to determine the winner or loser.

扩展资料

足球的前身起源于中国古代山东淄州(今淄博市)的球类游戏“蹴鞠”,后经阿拉伯人由中国传至欧洲,逐渐演变发展为现代足球。现代足球始于英国。1848年,足球运动历史上第一部文字形式的规则《剑桥规则》诞生。

1863年10月26日,英格兰成立了世界上第一所足球协会,并统一了足球运动的竞赛规则。

1872年,英格兰与苏格兰之间举行了足球史上第一次协会间的正式比赛。1900年,在第二届夏季奥林匹克运动会中,足球被列入正式项目。

足球在全球被广泛译为“Football”,只有在美国等极少数国家被译为“Soccer”,而“Football”在美国、加拿大被指为“美式橄榄球”。

足球的最高组织机构为国际足球联合会,成立于1904年,总部设于瑞士苏黎世。现代足球最高竞技赛事为国际足联世界杯、欧洲足球锦标赛、欧洲冠军联赛等足球赛事。

足球比赛规则英文介绍

足球比赛规则英文介绍

足球比赛规则英文介绍,在生活中有很多人喜欢看足球比赛,对于看足球比赛的人通常都是对规则比较了解的,通常人们介绍足球比赛的规则都是用多种语言来介绍的',下面是足球比赛规则英文介绍。

足球比赛规则英文介绍1

Football is the world’s most popylar sport. We play football at the playground. We also have fun when we play football. We also call it soccer.

Our students must do exercises everyday to stay healthy, and I’ve found that play football is a very good way to stay healthy. Football players must be rugged. It’s one of the most popular sports all over the world. We can run on the ground for a long time and we also can prove our friendship with the members of our team.

More and more people like watching football matches. They can’t sleep or eat when their teams are playing. They shout for their players. I think many Chinese football players have done better match after match. But we will have a long way to go to Asia and to the world. We should learn from foreign teams. Foreign players and coaches must be invited. Dalian Wanda, Shanghai Shenhua and Guangdong Apollo are among the best teams.

I love playing football, because I can play football to stay healthy, football is a good sport.

足球比赛规则英文介绍2

比赛分为两队参加,每队11人(一般情况下,比赛期间每队允许替换三名替补球员),其中必须有1名守门员。全场比赛为90分钟,分为上、下两个半场,每半场45分钟。

上、下半场之间的休息时间不得超过15分钟。比赛中有1名主裁判和2名边线裁判,每个半场,主裁判可以根据场上的伤病和换人耗时情况进行补时。

如果比赛必须决出胜负,则90分钟内两队若打平,进行上下半时各为15分钟的加时赛,若依然打平,则通过罚点球分出胜负。

The game is divided into two teams, each team has 11 players (generally, each team is allowed to replace three substitute players during the game), and one goalkeeper must be included.

The game is 90 minutes, divided into the first half and the second half, each half 45 minutes. The break time between the first half and the second half shall not exceed 15 minutes. There is one chief referee and two sideline referees in the game.

In each half court, the chief referee can make up time according to the injury on the field and the time spent in changing players.

If the game has to be decided, then if the two teams draw within 90 minutes, the first half and the second half are 15 minutes of extra time. If they still draw, the penalty kick will be used to determine the winner or loser.

足球比赛规则英文介绍3

足球比赛规则由国际足球协会理事会(IFAB)制定并修改,是正规足球比赛所必须遵守的规则。

The rules of football match are formulated and revised by the Council of International Football Association (IFAB), which are the rules that must be followed in regular football matches.

从距每个球门柱内侧16.5米(18码)处,画两条垂直于球门线的线。

Five meters (yards) from the inside of each goal post, draw two lines perpendicular to the goal line.

这些线伸向比赛场地内16.5(18码)米,与一条平行于球门线的线相连接。

These lines extend into the field of play. Five meters (or yards) and connect to a line parallel to the goal line.

由这些线和球门线组成的区域范围才是罚球区。

The area woven by these lines and goal lines is the free throw area.

足球竞赛规则应遵循哪些遵循的原则(精神)

足球规则的制订和完善是基于足球规则的基本精神的。 足球规则的基本精神主要包括3个方面。 1.保护双方运动员。这是足球规则基本精神的核心。

2.促进技术、战术的发展。任何一项体育运动竞赛规则的宗旨都是有利于促进本项目技术、战术的发展,足球规则也不例外。

3.对等的原则。对等原则是指规则对比赛双方一致的原则。如果违背这一原则,也就是人们通常所说的“不公正”。就像国家制定的宪法一样,要求每一个公民都要遵守,大家都要执行,在法律面前人人平等。

这3条基本精神是相互联系和相互贯穿的。在裁判工作中,对于规则没有明确规定的一些特殊情况,必须根据上述精神妥善处置。 1963年10月26日,英国伦敦周围地区11个俱乐部针对足球比赛的种种纷争难题的问题举行了联席会议,联合组成了第一个足球协会。为了大力开展足球运动,使各队能在任何地方彼此进行比赛,协会的第一项任务就是制定比赛规则。1863年12月26日,协会会员代表在伦敦克鲁米沙街的一个小酒馆召开了第二次会议,研究制定了13条比赛规则。内容是:

1.场地长200码(180米)、宽100码(90米),端线4个角上插旗。

2.得分后双方交换场地,失分队开球。

3.抽签胜者选择球门,败者开球。开球前,对方球员需退至距球9码(8.1米)外。

4.球门不设横梁。球从两门柱间或顶端延长线之间通过即为得分。

5.球出界后,最初触球队员从球出界的球场边线上朝着与球场边线垂直方向将球掷入场内。掷进球场的球触地前不算比赛开始。掷球须用单手持球从头顶上方掷出。

6.当某个队员踢完球时,站在比球更接近对方门的同队队员不能参加踢球。

7.球从端线出界,如果守方队员先得球,有权从正对得球点的端线上发任意球;若攻方队员先得球,有权从正对得球点的端线15码(13.5米)处向球门发任意球。

8.某个队员接到对方踢出的球,如果立即用脚后跟在地面做一标记,就可以在原点发任意球。

9.不能用手持球跑。

10.禁止踢人、绊人、用手拉人或推人。

11.比赛最多参加者,每方不得超过11人。

12.无论任何理由,进入比赛状态后,禁止用手触球。

13.接住对方踢来的凌空球或者第一次反弹球,可以掷球,也可以传给其他队员。

注意:如果在以踢球点球决胜结束前,发生光线不足的情况“可用投币或抽签的办法决定比赛胜负。

足球比赛的规则用英语说。.

kick-off 开球

bicycle kick, overhead kick 倒钩球

chest-high ball 平胸球

corner ball, corner 角球

goal kick 球门球

ground ball, grounder 地面球

hand ball 手触球

header 头球

penalty kick 点球

spot kick 罚点球

free kick 罚任意球

throw-in 掷界外球

ball handling 控制球

block tackle 正面抢截

body check 身体阻挡

bullt 球门前混战

fair charge 合理冲撞

chesting 胸部挡球

close-marking defence 钉人防守

close pass, short pass 短传

consecutive passes 连续传球

deceptive movement 假动作

diving header 鱼跃顶球

flying headar 跳起顶球

dribbling 盘球

finger-tip save (守门员)托救球

clean catching (守门员)跳球抓好

flank pass 边线传球

high lobbing pass 高吊传球

scissor pass 交叉传球

volley pass 凌空传球

triangular pass 三角传球

rolling pass, ground pass 滚地传球

slide tackle 铲球

clearance kick 解除危险的球

to shoot 射门

grazing shot 贴地射门

close-range shot 近射

long drive 远射

mis**t 未射中

offside 越位

to pass the ball 传球

to take a pass 接球

spot pass 球传到位

to trap 脚底停球

to intercept 截球

to break through, to beat 带球过人

to break loose 摆脱

to control the midfield 控制中场

to disorganize the defence 破坏防守

to fall back 退回

to set a wall 筑人墙

to set the pace 掌握进攻节奏

to ward off an assault 击退一次攻势

to break up an attack 破坏一次攻势

ball playing skill 控球技术

total football 全攻全守足球战术

open football 拉开的足球战术

off-side trap 越位战术

wing play 边锋战术

shoot-on-sight tactics 积极的抢射战术

time wasting tactics 拖延战术

Brazilian formation 巴西阵式, 4-2-4 阵式

four backs system 四后卫制

four-three-three formation 4-3-3 阵式

four-two-four formation 4-2-4 阵式

red card 红牌(表示判罚出场)

yellow card 黄牌(表示警告)

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